the Corridor for Peach and Prosperity Palestine Industrial Park by Israel, Palestine, Jordan with Japan Initiative

 

Japan's Initiative for "Creating Corridor for Peace and Prosperity"

Japan’s Concept for Creating the Corridor for Peace and Prosperity
(Background Paper)

July, 2006
Government of Japan

Basic idea

  • For achieving sustainable peace in the Middle East, it is essential for the peoples in the region to enjoy a peace dividend and for Arabs and Israelis to promote confidence among them, especially for Palestinians and Israelis.
  • The path towards creating peace between Israel and Palestine has faced serious challenges. However, the two-state solution is the only way and it is important to make efforts towards co-existence and co-prosperity while at the same time, managing the current situation.
  • For this to happen, it is crucial to establish a viable state for Palestinians accompanied with sustainable economic development through the strengthening of their partnership with neighboring countries, especially Israel and Jordan.
  • The role of the private sector, coupled with the development of the public private partnership (PPP) is crucial in achieving sustainable economic development. In the West Bank, agriculture and agro-industry could be a driving force for sustainable economic development.
  • Not only are the results of cooperation projects important but so is the process in terms of promoting confidence-building.

Japan proposes its concept of creating “the corridor for peace and prosperity” in cooperation with Israelis, Palestinians and Jordanians. The concept is to work collaboratively to materialize projects that promote regional cooperation for the prosperity of the region, such as establishing an agro-industrial park in the West Bank and facilitating the transportation of goods. Only when the circumstances permit Japan will move this concept forward by initiating a unit to achieve these goals. Japan is ready to host the first meeting of the unit whenever convenient to all parties concerned.

  • From a longer perspective, Japan is keen to act as a facilitator to promote confidence and regional economic cooperation between Israelis and Arabs.
  • Needless to say, this would only become reality when all the stakeholders remain committed to the cause of peace all the way through the end and by steadfastly exerting every effort to cooperate with each other for the prosperity of the peoples in the region.

This proposal represents an even stronger commitment by Japan and reflects a deeper engagement in the peace-building efforts for the region and will generate additional hope for the future.

Concrete project examples (tentative)

1. Establishing an Agro-Industrial Park

  • Japan is ready to prepare a feasibility study (F/S) for this project. Based on the results of the F/S, various approaches to financing this project will be considered.
  • Products will be transported to a distribution center to be built on the Jordanian side, and then shipped out to markets abroad.
  • The private sector is encouraged to participate in this project.
  • Capacity building is crucial for success of the project. Japan is ready to extend technical assistance for that purpose.

2. Facilitating the transportation of goods

  • Japan is ready to finance a project to facilitate the transportation, mainly, products produced from the above-mentioned agro-industrial park to the above-mentioned distribution center of goods.
  • A border control methodology should be established, giving due consideration to both security concerns as well as the impact on the regional economic development.報道発表

イスラエルとパレスチナの共存共栄に向けた日本の中長期的な取組:
「平和と繁栄の回廊」創設構想

平成18年7月

1.基本的考え方

(1)持続的な和平実現のためには、「平和の配当」を人々にもたらし、当事者間の「信頼醸成」を促進することが重要。

(2)現在、イスラエル・パレスチナ間の和平に向けた取組は深刻な困難に直面しているが、二国家構想が唯一の解決策であり、現状への対応と同時に共存共栄に向けた中長期的な取組が重要。

(3)二国家構想の実現には、持続的な経済開発を伴う、健全なパレスチナ国家をイスラエル、ヨルダン等近隣諸国との協力を得て樹立することが不可欠。

(4)持続的な経済開発の鍵は民間セクターが握っている。西岸においては、農産業が経済開発の主導的役割を果たし得る。

(5)域内協力の結果のみならずプロセスが当事者間の信頼醸成の観点から重要。

2.日本の関与のあり方

(1)上記の考え方に基づき、パレスチナ、イスラエル、ヨルダン、日本の4者からなる協議体を立ち上げ、日本のODAを戦略的・機動的に活用しつつ、域内協力の具体化に取り組む。日本は、最初の4者協議をホストする用意がある。

(2)日本は、より長期的な見地から、イスラエルとアラブ諸国との信頼醸成と地域経済協力を推進する媒介役を果たしていく。

(3)実務的に取り組み、関係者間の協力と信頼関係を促進し、人々に将来への希望を与える、というアプローチを採用。

3.具体的な案件例(別添構想図参照

(1)農産業団地の設置
日本は、ヨルダン渓谷西岸側に農産業団地を設置するための事業化調査(F/S)を実施する。同F/Sの結果に基づき、事業化に必要な資金調達の方途が検討される。運営面を含め、必要な技術協力を行うほか、民間部門の参加を慫慂する。また、国際金融機関等との協力も検討。

(2)物流の促進
日本は、上記農産業団地の産品の輸送に必要な協力を実施する。


(図)構想図